Some Personality Correlates of Music Preferences

Malvika Arora & Dr . Shobhana Abhyankar, Dept of Psychology, Fergusson College, Pune Summary

The present analyze is directed at studying several personality correlates of Music Preferences. An example of a hundred seventy five individuals, older 18-28 and living in downtown settings was surveyed in two arrays, namely, ‘Short Test about Music Preferences-Revised (STOMP-R)' and ‘NEO-Five Aspect Inventory (NEO-FFI)'. STOMP-R graded individuals' music preferences in four broader ones, particularly, Reflective and Complex, Extreme and Edgy, Upbeat and Conventional and Energetic and Rhythmic. Pearson's produce minute correlation was used to study the relationship between persona dimensions and music preference. A choice for Refractive and Sophisticated music demonstrated significant relationship with Visibility to Experience (r =. 339, p <. 01). Hopeful and Conventional music choice significantly correlated to Extraversion (r =. 181, l <. 05) and Openness to Experience (r =. 239, p <. 01). Inclination for Strong and Edgy music in a negative way correlated to Conscientiousness (r = -. 166, p <. 05). Music is often used like a ‘badge' of social identity, especially by the youth. This may lead to the breakthrough of various stereotypes associated with guests of a particular music genre. The present study investigated how long the place beliefs regarding music preferences being a sign of a certain personality type, hold true. The results are talked about in the light of previous research. Key words: Personality, Music Preference

Introduction

Music, a widespread sociable phenomenon, has manifested by itself as an indispensable part of each of our everyday lives. Rentfrow & Gosling (2003) reviewed scholars on ‘Lay Beliefs regarding the Importance of Music' and found that music is very important to people and that individuals think that the music people listen to delivers information about who they actually are. Contemporarily, an increasing body of research has suggested Music-listening as being a behaviour having significant matching psychological factors, linking it to acted and specific Personality traits (Cattell & Anderson, 1953; Small & Zuckerman, 1986), Cultural Behaviour (Hargreaves & North, 1997, 1999), as well as Cultural Identity (North, Hargreaves & O'Neill, 2000). More recently, exploration in UK on ‘Uses of Music' has established certain Music Preferences to be a great indicator of higher cognitive capacity (Chamorro-Premuzic & Furnham, 2007).

Personality and Music Preferences

First to theorize on this was Raymond Cattell, proclaiming that tastes for certain types of music reveal important information about unconscious aspects of personality overlooked by simply personality stocks (Cattell & Anderson, 1953; Cattell & Saunders, 1954; Rentfrow & Gosling, 2003). Many have recently deemed music preferences as an expression of more explicit personality traits. Chamorro-Premuzic and Furnham (2007) founded that Persona and Intelligence factors give central cues as to " why” and " how” people select the music they listen to. Most concepts regarding this are rooted in different ways individuals " use” all their music. The ‘Uses and Gratification' approach (Rosengren, Wenner & Palmgreen, 1985; Delsing, Ter Bogt, Engels & Meeus, 2007) has attributed music selections to the persona needs this communication mass media alternative complies with. Music choices have also been caused by individuals' inclination to seek numbers of optimal excitement levels (Yerkes & Dodson, 1908; Chamorro-Premuzic & Furnham, 2007). Another utilization of music made by persons that can be explained by theories of Persona is Psychological regulation/ dealing (Chamorro-Premuzic & Furnham, 2007). The initial extensive analysis on the psychology behind music preferences was accomplished by Rentfrow & Ryan gosling (2003) on the large test of undergrad college students in the usa. They identified the 4 chief sizes of music preferences making use of Exploratory and Confirmatory Element...

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